Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)
What is Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)?
Intrauterine insemination (IUI) involves depositing processed sperm directly into the uterus.
Sperm Processing is a laboratory procedure used to “wash” or remove nonfunctional and abnormal sperm from a semen sample. The result is a concentrated sample of the best sperm for the IUI procedure.
Sperms are deposited beyond the cervix, bypassing one potential hurdle on their journey towards the Fallopian tube. To time the IUI procedure correctly, a person needs to participate in cycle monitoring.
Cycle Monitoring for IUI uses ultrasound, hormone blood testing, and ovulation prediction kits (OPKs) to determine the correct time for the IUI. Your doctor may order medication for your cycle or your cycle can be unmedicated (natural cycle).
Some reasons to consider IUI
- Sperm issues (for example: low sperm count)
- Ovulation issues
- Unexplained infertility
- Person or couples who require the use of donor sperm
- Sexual dysfunction
Prior to this phase a patient would have had their first visit with the doctor, completed all testing, reviewed results and decided on IUI as a treatment plan.